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No Arrest on ground of Mere ‘Suspicion’: Gujarat High Court to GST Dept

Facts of the case:

  • GST officials searched the petitioner’s (Trader Vimal Goswami) home on July 19 and put seal on documents kept in his cupboard.
  • Goswami deals in steel goods and is a proprietor of a firm called Heugo Metal.
  • A summon was issued on July 23 asking him to remain present before the authority on July 25. The seal was removed on July 26 by the officials.
  • Next day on July 27, another summons was issued to him ordering his presence on the same day. Goswami approached the HC through advocate Chetan Pandya, who argued before the HC that there is a laid down. procedure in the law for the department to determine tax liability of a trader.

Issue Involved:

Goswami approached the High Court apprehending an arrest by the GST authorities invoking powers under section 69 of Central GST Act.

Provisions and Interpretation of Law:

  • The bench last week issued notice to the commissioner of state tax on the “important issue” of exercising the power to arrest people without following the procedure laid down in the Central GST (CGST) and State GST (SGST) laws.
  • It was clarified by two bench comprising J B Pardiwala and Justice A C Rao that the authorities should not use the power to arrest without ‘completing their homework’ that is determining the tax liability and ascertaining the evasion.
  • Further, the explanation of arresting was asked by the court and while staying Goswami’s arrest, it was said, “The powers of arrest under section 69 of the Act, 2017 are to be exercised with lot of care and circumspection. Prosecution should normally be launched only after the adjudication is completed”.
  • Hence, there must be a determination that a person is liable to a penalty. Till that point of time, the entire case proceeds on the basis that there must be an apprehended evasion of tax by the assessee,”

The petitioner also expressed apprehension that the authorities may arrest Goswami by invoking powers under section 69 of CGST Act. Once arrested, it would be difficult for the person to come out of jail for two months and he faces maximum punishment of five years, if convicted for tax evasion.

But the department intends to do the procedure of determination of tax liability after arrest, which is against constitutional rights of a person and in violation of GST laws.

Conclusion:

The Gujrat High Court has restricted the Goods and Services Tax (GST) authorities from arresting a city-based trader Vimal Goswami merely on suspicion of tax evasion.

Author: Niranjan Reddy

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